The Philanthropist, a publication of the Agora Foundation, is an online journal for those interested and engaged in the charitable and non-profit sector in Canada.

The Philanthropist has been publishing articles written by and for the charitable and non-profit sector in Canada since 1972. Current and archived content is available without charge at

The Philanthropist welcomes submissions and strives to generate content that promotes informed and constructive critiques, conversations and debates about the role of the non-profit sector in Canadian society.

ISSN 2562-1491

Editorial Director
Gordon Floyd, Agora Foundation Board of Directors

Book Editor
Peter Broder, Muttart Foundation

Editors Emeriti
Don Bourgeois
Mary Louise Dickson
Lynn Bevan
John Gregory
David Stevens

In Memoriam
John Hodgson, Blake, Cassels & Graydon
Norah McClintock, past Managing Editor

Editorial Staff
Danny Glenwright, Managing Editor:
Jillian Witt, Community Engagement Lead:
Leslie Wright, Publication Manager:
John Lorinc, Contributing Editor:

Illustrator and Designer
Paul Dotey,

The Philanthropist is published by the Agora Foundation.

Our History
The Philanthropist/Le Philanthrope was founded in 1972 by the Charities Committee of the Wills and Trusts Section of the Canadian Bar Association to address the need for reference sources in Canada for charities and charities law. In its early years The Philanthropist was an annual run entirely by volunteers, appearing when the editor was able to commit time, the editorial committee was able to obtain suitable material, and the journal’s manager and his secretary were successful in nurturing subscriptions and donations. The publishing schedule was officially described as “spasmodic.”

From 1980 to 1986, the Canadian Centre for Philanthropy, now Imagine Canada, assumed the role of “publisher” and offered a subscription to the journal as one of the benefits of its Associates Program. This expanded subscriber base made it possible to increase the frequency of publication and expand the subject matter to include management and accounting issues as well as matters pertaining to the law.

In 1987, under the leadership of John Hodgson, The Philanthropist underwent a successful reorganization and redeployment of resources. The Agora Foundation re-assumed the role of publisher, a Management Committee was established to supplement the efforts of the Editorial Board, and an Accounting Advisory Panel, comparable to the Legal Advisory Panel, was added. As well, The Philanthropist Award for Proficiency in Legal and Financial Writing and Analysis was introduced, made possible by generous private donations. The Award is intended to encourage Canadian students to address legal and other issues affecting philanthropy in Canada.

In 2009, The Philanthropist moved from a print to an online format.

Open Access Policy
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Copyright Notice
Copyright for all published material is retained jointly by The Philanthropist and the author(s). Permission to reprint, with full attribution, is normally granted without charge to other publications, but the editors reserve the right to determine if permission should be given.

The Philanthropist Privacy Statement

The Philanthropist takes your privacy very seriously.

The Philanthropist is committed to protecting your privacy and the confidentiality of any personal information that you provide to us.

This Privacy Policy describes The Philanthropist’s policies and procedures on the collection, use and disclosure of your personal information with respect to website (the “Website”).

  1. What is “personal information”?

Personal information is any information about a specific, identifiable individual, including such commonly available details as name, address, and telephone number.

However, business contact information such as your business card details is not “personal information” under federal or provincial privacy statutes.

  1. Consent to our collection of your personal information

We will only collect personal information necessary for the purposes outlined in this policy, with your knowledge and consent. This may be with your express consent, for example, where you voluntarily provide information by your registration on our website or on a form at an event, for purposes you clearly understand and accept, such as your purchase of one of our products or event registration.

By choosing to access our Website or completing one of our forms and choosing to provide us with your information, you are consenting to our collection, use, and disclosure of your personal information as set out in this policy.

  1. Collection of personal information

Personal information that we collect may include details such as your name, address, mobile phone number, e-mail address, and answers to certain questions. If you purchase products or register for an event, we or our agent will collect your credit card details and other payment, shipping, and like information, which will allow The Philanthropist and its agents to process the transaction. The Philanthropist may also request your preferences for receiving further marketing or promotional material.

The choice of how much information you provide to The Philanthropist is yours and, of course, if you want to use The Philanthropist’s services or otherwise participate in The Philanthropist programs and events, The Philanthropist will require certain information from you in order to provide the services or conduct the programs and events.

  1. Purposes for collection of your personal information

The Philanthropist and its agents collect personal information from you to send you our information about The Philanthropist, our products, about how to become involved in or attend our promotions, events, programs or other initiatives undertaken by The Philanthropist, and to complete sales to you of our products or event registrations.

The Philanthropist may use your personal information to send you promotional information about our new products and events. If The Philanthropist does undertake such activities, you will be provided with an opportunity in each marketing communication to decline to receive any further communications from The Philanthropist.

In addition, if you choose to register on our website and provide us with your personal information, we will include your name and details on our website.  If you do choose to register, you are agreeing that your personal information:

  1. i) may be displayed or included on our website; and
  2. ii) may as a result be identified, recovered, and displayed by Internet search engines.

In certain circumstances, we may give you the option to keep your website registration information private. Where we do so, we will endeavour to ensure that your information will not be available to Internet search engines.

  1. Disclosure of your personal information to third party providers

Some of the functions and services relating to the purpose for which you have provided personal information may be outsourced to our third party external service providers, such as credit card processors, marketing firms providing our promotions to you, and parties shipping our products to you for your purchases.

When we contract with external services providers, we obtain their promises to keep your personal information securely and only use your information as necessary to fulfill that contract (such as for a shipping a product to you).

The Philanthropist will not use or disclose your personal information except in accordance with this Privacy Policy unless you have consented to the use or disclosure, or where disclosure is necessary to prevent injury to life or health, to investigate any suspected unlawful activity or where the use or disclosure is required or authorized by law.

Some of our third party providers may be located outside Canada, and in that event, some of your personal information may be seen by foreign governments or their agencies.

  1. Security of your information

The Philanthropist takes the security of your personal information seriously, and all personal information we collect is kept as securely as our own proprietary and confidential information, including that your personal information is protected from misuse and loss and from unauthorized access, modification, or disclosure. For example, your personal information is maintained in a secure environment that can be accessed only by authorized personnel. However, no data transmission over the Internet or information stored on servers accessible through the Internet can be guaranteed to be fully secure. Note that The Philanthropist does not store credit card information.

  1. Access and correction of personal information

Access to personal information

You may request access to your personal information collected through our website at any time. Please send an email to However, there may be some legal or administrative reason why access is denied or amendment refused. If this is so, we will provide you with the reason why.

Correction of personal information

If you believe any of your personal information held by The Philanthropist is not accurate, complete, or up-to-date, The Philanthropist will take reasonable steps to correct the information. To request that your personal information be corrected or updated, please send an email to

The Philanthropist is not responsible for the privacy practices or content of any other website that is linked to our website, or for the privacy practices of any third party social media or other service providers that you can access through our website. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of those websites and third party service providers.

  1. Your visit to our Website

Our website uses cookies (small data files that we store on your computer) to collect anonymous traffic data and also to improve your experience with our website (e.g., to keep you logged in if you request this). You can remove or block cookies using the settings in your browser, but this may impact your ability to use the website.

This information does not in itself identify individuals and is used to measure the number of visitors to our site and how it was navigated. This information assists us to make the website more useful to you.

  1. Changes to this Privacy Policy

This privacy policy may change from time to time particularly as new rules, regulations and industry codes are introduced. Any changes to the Privacy Policy will be posted on The Philanthropist website. If we consider that the changes are material we will notify you by email.

  1. How to contact The Philanthropist

If you have any concerns or questions about our privacy policy or practices, please contact The Philanthropist at

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.